Squamous cell carcinoma (SSC) is a type of skin cancer that begins in the squamous cells. These cells are the thin, flat cells that make up the epidermis, or the outermost layer of the skin. When certain genetic changes occur in the DNA of any of these cells which cause them to multiply uncontrollably, skin cancer occurs.
SSC of the skin most often occurs on sun-exposed skin, such as in scalp, the backs of hands, ears or lips or anywhere like as, on the body, including inside the mouth, on anus and on genitals.
Signs and symptoms of SSC of the skin include:
A firm, red nodule and flat sore with a scaly crust
A red sore or rough patch inside your mouth
A red, raised patch or wart-like sore on or in the anus or on the genitals
UV radiation is the most common cause of the DNA mutations that lead to skin cancer. Factors that may increase the risk of SSC of the skin include:
Having fair skin, light-coloured hair and blue, green, or gray eyes
Long exposure to UV radiation or history of sunburns
Weak immune system and rare genetic disorder
To help reduce the risk for SCC, follow these tips:
Limit your sun exposure; avoid the sun during the hottest part of the day.
Wear sunglasses with UV ray protection and cover your skin
Protect your skin during winter as well because winter rays can be especially dangerous
Check your skin for any new/abnormal growths
The writer is a student of Department of Pharmacy at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University.