Thai economy shrinks, hopes for tourism-led recovery
Thailand's economy shrank in the third quarter, official data showed Monday, but hopes for a gradual recovery are picking up after the kingdom's reopening to foreign tourists this month.
The country last year suffered its worst performance since the Asian financial crisis of 1997, with a 6.1 per cent economic contraction.
Gross domestic product shrank 0.3 per cent year-on-year in the third quarter, the Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC) said, blaming it on Covid restrictions.
"The measures to control the outbreak affected the economic activities," said Danucha Pichayana, secretary general of the board of the NESDC, on Monday during a news conference. A coronavirus outbreak in April this year saw the emergence of the highly contagious Delta variant, which led to reimposing tough restrictions on services and restaurants.
According to NESDC data, the food service and accommodation sector shrank 18.6 per cent July-September because of "a decrease in domestic tourism and household spending".
In Bangkok -- a key hotspot during the Delta wave -- restrictions only started to ease in recent weeks, with the government allowing certain restaurants to reopen and serve alcohol.
The relaxation of Covid restrictions -- along with a gradual return of vaccinated foreign tourists since November 1 -- has officials hopeful for growth of 1.2 per cent this year.
The country also expects five million tourists to return next year, bringing revenues of up to 440 billion baht ($13.4 billion), said the NESDC.
Pandemic travel restrictions sent Thailand's visitor numbers plummeting from 40 million in 2019 to just 73,000 in the first eight months of 2021.
Danucha said the forecast for 2022 was between 3.5 and 4.5 per cent as Thailand slowly recovers from the pandemic. But with China -- the source of most of Thailand's foreign travellers before the pandemic -- still restricting returns, the kingdom's cash-cow industry is unlikely to fully recover before 2024, experts say.
Thailand has so far registered more than two million cases of coronavirus and more than 20,000 deaths.
The bulk of the infections came after the emergence of the Delta variant.