Amazon fires: UN chief moots summit | The Daily Star
12:00 AM, August 30, 2019 / LAST MODIFIED: 11:55 PM, August 29, 2019

Amazon fires: UN chief moots summit

Brazil bans burning for two months to defuse Amazon crisis

The head of the United Nations yesterday mooted a meeting of key countries to drum up support to tackle the devastating Amazon forest fires, which he called a “very serious situation.”

Speaking on the sidelines of an African development conference in Yokohama, Antonio Guterres urged the international community to do more to quell the more than 83,000 fires set this year, more than half of which are raging in the massive Amazon basin.

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“We are strongly appealing for the mobilisation of resources and we have been in contact with countries to see whether, during the high level session of the General Assembly, there could be a meeting devoted to the mobilisation of support to the Amazon,” Guterres told reporters.

World leaders are expected to gather in New York for the annual UN General Assembly from September 23 to 30.

The UN chief’s comments came after Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro signed a decree on Wednesday to ban burning throughout the country for two months, amid global outrage over the fires.

The blazes have engulfed parts of the world’s largest rainforest -- which is crucial for maintaining a stable global climate -- and Guterres said the Amazon was “a fundamental resource for all us.”

The decree, which will be officially published on Thursday, prohibits any burning for the next 60 days, barring some exceptions in cases of approved agricultural and forestry practices, media reports said.

“I believe that the international community needs to be strongly mobilised to support the Amazon countries to do those things: stop the fires as quickly as possible with all means possible and then have a consistent reforestation policy,” said the UN chief.

“Until now, we have not done enough, we need to do all together more than we have done in the past,” he stressed.

As well as triggering global fury, the fires have sparked a spat between Brazil and Europe that has threatened to torpedo a major trade deal.

Fires are also ravaging neighboring Bolivia where President Evo Morales and his rival in upcoming elections have suspended campaigning to deal with the blazes.

It comes as Bolsonaro’s renewed demand that French leader Emmanuel Macron withdraw “insults” against him cast doubt on whether Brazil would accept the G7’s offer of $20 million to help combat the fires.

He also accused France and Germany of “buying” the Latin American country’s sovereignty with Amazon fire aid.

Bolsonaro on Wednesday supported Peru and Colombia’s proposal for an emergency Amazon summit in September so regional countries could coordinate a strategy to protect the vast rainforest.

The latest official figures show 1,044 new fires were started Monday and Tuesday, taking the total this year to 83,329 -- the highest since 2010 -- even as military aircraft and troops help battle the blazes.

More than half of the fires are in the massive Amazon basin.

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