Racism against people of Arab and African descent in France has become almost banal – something that takes place and no longer raises an eyebrow.
Pakistan-born bowler Rafiq, 32, went public with allegations of racism and bullying in September 2020, related to his two spells at the English county.
England cricket chiefs have promised to "reset" the game after an independent report on Tuesday said not enough had been done to tackle institutional racism and sexism in the game.
New Zealand did not return for the second half of the match after an incident that occurred shortly before the break with them leading 1-0.
Brazil will play a friendly against Spain next March as part of an anti-racism campaign under the slogan 'One skin', both countries' football federations announced on Monday.
Institutional racism in colonies, migration, flawed anti-monarchy sentiments stemming from personal vendettas, and the need for rebellion permeate the lives of these characters.
Simone Inzaghi's side rose to second in Serie A after winning the Italian Cup on Wednesday with an entertaining win over Atalanta after an early blitz from Romelu Lukaku and Nicolo Barella followed by Lautaro Martinez's simple finish in the 77th minute
Brazil winger Vinicius said Spain now "belongs to racists" after he was abused by fans during Real's game at Valencia in La Liga last week
"My frustration was my mistake. I understand that Vinicius is frustrated because he doesn't understand about the division of powers (for dealing with racism), but I'm also frustrated because I do know about it and there were no sanctions."