Myanmar Rohingya refugee crisis: Rohingya was never ethnic group
12:00 AM, September 18, 2017 / LAST MODIFIED: 12:27 AM, September 18, 2017

Rohingya was never ethnic group

Claims Myanmar army chief

Myanmar's army chief has urged the country to unite over the "issue" of the Rohingya, a minority group he says was never an ethnic group, and which his troops are accused of systematically purging.

The military says its "clearance operations" in northern Rakhine state are aimed at taking out Rohingya militants who attacked police posts on August 25.

But the violence has engulfed the border region and triggered an exodus of more than 4,00,000 Rohingyas to Bangladesh, where they have told of soldiers slaughtering civilians and burning down entire villages.

The status of the Muslim minority has long been an explosive topic in Myanmar.

Many in the Buddhist majority view the group as foreign interlopers from Bangladesh and deny the existence of a Rohingya ethnicity, insisting they be called "Bengalis".

General Min Aung Hlaing, Myanmar's globe-trotting army chief, trumpeted that view in comments posted on his official Facebook page Saturday.

"They have demanded recognition as Rohingya, which has never been an ethnic group in Myanmar. (The) Bengali issue is a national cause and we need to be united in establishing the truth," the post said.

The defence of his army's operations comes amid strident global condemnation of the violence, which has left Bangladesh with the overwhelming task of providing shelter and food to a rising tide of desperate refugees.

Myanmar's civilian leader, former democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi, has no power to control the army, which retains sweeping powers from its years of junta rule.

But she has been castigated for failing to voice sympathy for the Rohingya -- a group she has asked her government to refer to only as "Muslims of Rakhine State".

All eyes will be on the Nobel laureate as she addresses the nation on the crisis for the first time tomorrow, a high stakes speech that many outside the country hope will explain her near silence on the human tragedy that is unfolding.

Suu Kyi's televised address -- likely at least in part to be in English -- comes ahead of a meeting at the UN General Assembly in which Myanmar is expected to be hammered over the crisis.

But analysts say her power to stay the military is limited, and her response thus far indicates she is choosing the lesser of two evils.

"She's signalling that her chief priority is the relationship between the government and military and that the pogrom is secondary to that," Francis Wade, author of Myanmar's Enemy Within: Buddhist Violence and the Making of the Muslim 'Other', told AFP.

"This obviously raises questions about the quality of leadership she seeks to bring, but also that the political game in Myanmar is worth the sacrifice of entire communities."

The US has dispatched an envoy to Myanmar to express its "grave concern" with the violence in Rakhine, a US State Department official told AFP.

Patrick Murphy, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Southeast Asia, will meet with government leaders and travel to the state capital of Rakhine but not the conflict zone further north, the official said.

The US was a key partner in pushing along Myanmar's democratic transition, which saw the army step down from 50 years of brutal junta rule and allow the free elections in 2015 that swept Suu Kyi into office.

The army still plays a powerful role in politics, with control over key ministries like borders and defence, plus a quarter of parliament.

Suu Kyi's supporters inside the country, where she still enjoys saint-like status for her democracy struggle, have balked at the global criticism heaped on their leader and argued she must tread carefully around a military that still looms large in the fragile democracy.

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