India's federal police chief was ousted on Thursday by a panel led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the government said, drawing criticism from the main opposition Congress party.
"By removing #AlokVerma from his position without giving him the chance to present his case, PM Modi has shown once again that he's too afraid of an investigation," the Congress said on Twitter.
Alok Verma, chief of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), was suspended in October along with his deputy after they accused each other of bribery and interfering in investigations.
The spat embarrassed the CBI, which fulfils a similar role to the US Federal Bureau of Investigation, and also led to accusations that the Modi government had damaged the independence of the agency.
India's highest court ordered the government on Tuesday to reinstate Verma, but barred him from taking major policy decisions until the conclusion of the probe.
In his earlier petition to the court, Verma had described his ousting as eroding "the independence of the institution" and its officers' morale. Some critics said the government's actions were part of a wider pattern of government authoritarianism.
A government statement announcing Verma's removal said he had been assigned as director general of fire services. The statement named M. Nageshwar Rao as his replacement.
The decision came following the second meeting of the PM-led selection panel, which also included Congress leader Mallikarjun Kharge and Justice AK Sikri, who was nominated by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi to represent him.
There were eight counts of charges against Alok Verma in the CVC report presented before the committee. The decision for the removal was taken by a majority with Kharge opposing the move, they said.
The CBI is investigating several high profile cases, including a $2 billion fraud at Punjab National Bank involving fugitive diamond billionaire Nirav Modi, loan defaults by liquor baron Vijay Mallya and police firing on anti-Vedanta protesters in south India.