Summer and the ensuing heat give constant reminders that our skin now requires additional care and maintenance. Dust, humidity and heat can all contribute to major hair issues including hair fall, loss of shine and texture, and various scalp problems.
As always, my first advice will be to keep the hair and scalp clean. Choose a shampoo that suits you and use it regularly (at least 2 to 3 times a week), but if you are out every day and sweat heavily, I sometimes advise my patients to clean the hair and scalp seven days a week. The thumb rule is to make sure that the hair does not become oily or sticky, a common problem in this weather. It is also very important to use a good conditioner after shampooing.
Come summer, some people often experience an increase in oil production by the glands in the scalp. Unless cleaned on a regular basis, the hair follicles get blocked in a mixture of dust and oil, which results in reduced flow of blood making the hair loose and prone to hair fall.
People who have rough and dry hair can try an oil massage before shampooing. The oil should be cleaned within two hours.
Dandruff is another common summer complaint and a variety of products are available in the market that can reduce its growth. A specialist physician should be consulted if the problem persists even with regular use of normal shampoos.
Those who have long hair often tie their locks too tight, often leading to hair fall. The same goes for girls wearing hijabs. Make sure to let your hair loose once you get home and let it dry. Remember wet, sweaty, hair is very unhygienic and leads to hair fall.
Combing is very important in maintaining healthy hair. There is a common misconception that combing leads to hair fall. In reality, combing improves the blood supply to the hair follicles and the scalp, ensuring healthy growth of curls.
Having a healthy diet is also very important. A balanced diet containing green vegetables, a good portion of protein with some nuts is good for hair growth. Drinking adequate amount of fluids is also very important.
For some people, even following these basic tips may not yield satisfactory results. If you experience excessive hair fall or other hair/scalp related issues specialised treatment may be required. Some people suffer from scalp problems like itching, dandruff or even ulcers. These should be treated by consulting a professional.
Patients suffering from androgenetic hair loss can take medication so that the hair fall stays at a minimum. Medication also works well in women suffering from pre-menopausal hair loss. However, if all fails and one experiences permanent baldness, hair transplant is a good option.
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