New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) shows that the higher the number of pregnancy losses a woman has, the higher her risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D).
The study identified 24,774 women with T2D and selected 247,740 controls without diabetes. Women who had experienced 1, 2 or 3 pregnancy losses had an 18%, 38% and 71% higher risk, respectively, of developing T2D as compared to ever-pregnant women with no pregnancy losses. Women who had never been pregnant had a 56% increased risk of developing T2D compared to women who had been pregnant with any number of losses from zero upwards. Similar results were found after adjustment for obesity and gestational diabetes.
The authors suggest that women with three or more pregnancy losses could have their blood sugar profile more frequently monitored so that lifestyle advice can be offered to lower their risk and interventions can be applied early if diabetes develops.