Protect children’s rights as Covid devastates families: Unicef
As Covid-19 continues to devastate families and communities, Unicef has stressed the need for protecting the rights of every child to live and grow up in an environment that supports their physical, psychological, social and emotional development.
"As the official Covid-19 death toll around the world passed 4 million earlier this month, UNICEF is increasingly concerned for children left without one or both parents," its Executive Director Henrietta Fore said in a statement issued today.
She mentioned that with all crises and health pandemics, the most vulnerable children are at increased risk of losing parental care -- due to death, severe illness or financial hardship. This in turn increases their risk of being placed in unsuitable alternative care, Henrietta Fore said.
"While it's too early to estimate the number of children orphaned or abandoned as a result of the pandemic, a spike in deaths in some countries means many children already vulnerable to the impacts of Covid-19 face further emotional distress and protection concerns," she said.
The Unicef executive director further said that the immediate and long-term damage caused by family separation and unsuitable alternative care, particularly in institutions, is well documented. Institutions are often characterised by inherently harmful living arrangements.
Children may experience forced cohabitation and fixed routines not tailored to their individual needs, she said adding that they are frequently deprived of the ability to make choices that suit their best interests.
"What's more, children in alternative care are regularly isolated from their families and local communities. Deprived of parental care, they can endure physical, psychological, emotional and social harm, with consequences that last a lifetime. These children are also more likely to experience violence, abuse, neglect and exploitation," she said.
To prevent and respond to this crisis for children in the immediate and long-term, it is vital that governments provide families with the emotional, practical and financial support they need, she added.
"At the same time, we must work to support a system whereby children deprived of parental care can be looked after by extended family members and not placed in unsuitable alternative care," Henrietta Fore said.
In the statement, she gave few suggestions for those children. These include:
Ensuring families have continued access to social protection, counselling, and health care.
Strengthening child protection services, including the social service workforce, for vulnerable children and families.
Working with employers to promote family-friendly policies that allow caregivers to care for the child under all circumstances.
Keeping schools and other children's services open and accessible.