During Ramadan, adult Muslims are obligated to abstain from eating and drinking from dawn to sunset, up to 19 hours each day, depending on location. However, there are exemptions for travellers, menstruating women, and those with specific disorders or disabilities.
There is no general guideline for how much food to consume since everyone's calorie demands vary. Generally, 500–600 calories should be consumed at sehri. Whether you consume 400 or 1,000 calories at sehri, your body will feel hungry after 6–8 hours, so there is no need to overeat in the morning.
Peptic ulcers are open sores on the mucus lining of the stomach or upper intestine. Ulcers are caused by bacterial infections, smoking, long-term painkiller use, and overeating fatty, acidic, and spicy meals.
Diabetes is a long-term illness characterised by inadequate insulin synthesis or poor insulin administration. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. Hyperglycaemia, or high blood sugar, is caused by uncontrolled diabetes, and it damages a variety of body systems, including neurons and blood vessels.