Can the Middle East trust US?
The Taliban's takeover of Afghanistan is a shattering earthquake that will shape the Middle East for many years, a senior Gulf official has said, warning that – despite the group's promises of moderation – the militant group is "essentially the same" as last time it was in power.
Speaking on the condition of anonymity, the official also said that the rapid and chaotic US withdrawal also raises serious questions for Gulf states about the value of US promises of security over the next 20 years.
"Afghanistan is an earthquake, a shattering, shattering earthquake, and this is going to stay with us for a very, very long time," the official said on Monday. He added that the episode marked a complete break with the outdated Carter doctrine – a commitment that an oil-dependent US would use military force to defend its interests in the Gulf.
"Can we really depend on an American security umbrella for the next 20 years? I think this is very problematic right now – really very problematic."
He suggested that 20 years of warfare, supposed to be "a battle against those who had hijacked Islam", had left no legacy in Afghanistan, and predicted that the Taliban's seizure of power would prompt concern among leaders in West Africa and the Sahel about the rise of a newly confident Islamic extremism.
The official added he had no expectation that the Taliban would behave differently from when it was previously in power, saying, "They are essentially the same, but just more world-savvy."
Afghanistan, he said, will probably come to be seen as a Pakistan victory, and a Chinese opportunity – with the US playing a minimal role. "If there is a geopolitical struggle over Afghanistan, we will see Pakistan and China on one hand and India, Iran and Russia on the other hand," the official said. "And I don't think the Americans are going to be a part of the geopolitical struggle over Afghanistan.
Many Gulf states have already begun recalibrating their foreign policy to take into account declining US dependence on oil and the growing popular insularity of the US, but the official said he now expected that process to speed up, leading to realignments in alliances and a desire for some historical rivals to establish more pragmatic relations. The general aim will be to de-escalate tensions in the region, the official said.
The official added that he expected to see greater discussions between Saudi Arabia and Iran in the future, as well as between the United Arab Emirates and Iran. The official also pointed to the signing of a defence agreement between Saudi Arabia and Russia as a sign that in a post-carbon age, the Gulf states wanted to diversify their sources of security away from the US.