Scientist who made Bengalis proud | The Daily Star
12:00 AM, April 13, 2010 / LAST MODIFIED: 12:00 AM, April 13, 2010

Great Minds

Scientist who made Bengalis proud

Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendranath Bose, eminent physicist and founder of quantum statistics, was born in Kolkata on January 1, 1894. He passed the Entrance examination in 1909 with fifth position from Kolkata Hindu College. He stood first in the F.A. examination in1911 from Kolkata Presidency College. From the same college he did graduation in 1913 and M.A. in 1915 with mathematics and secured first class first in both the examinations. In the same year, he joined the Kolkata Science College and worked with Dr.Meghnad Shaha in the field of higher Mathematics and Physics. Meanwhile in1921 Dhaka University began its journey and he came to Dhaka and joined the Physics Department at the Dhaka University as a Reader. He worked hard for the establishment of the Physics department and devoted himself to research work. He worked relentlessly on the theoretical Physics and X-ray crystallography, which brought him worldwide fame as a Physicist. In 1924 his work entitled 'Plank's law and the light quantum hypothesis' was published and it drew attention of Albert Einstein. Einstein translated his research paper in German and published it with his comments, which afterwards became famous as 'Bose-Einstein Theory'. In the meantime, in recognition of his work a kind of elementary was named 'Boson.' here are two types of particles in our universe- one is 'Fermion' having mass and named after the scientist Enrico Fermi, while the other particle is 'Boson', having no mass and as noted before named after Satyendranath Bose.. He also solved some of the unresolved problems of the theory of relativity at that time. He worked at the Dhaka University for 24 years. Then he went back to Kolkata and in 1945 he joined Kolkata University as a professor in the department of Physics. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1958. For promoting science in Bengali language he founded 'Bonggyo Biggyan Parishad' and published a monthly journal named 'Gayen Biggyan' from it. He was awarded 'Deshikottum' by 'Bishawbharathi' University and 'Padmavhuson' by the government of India. He died in Kolkata on February 4,1974.

The writer is a student of B.Sc (Hons) at Home Economics College Dhaka

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