After a downslide in last year's HSC results, students this year have shown a considerable rise in both pass rates and achieving GPA-5.
The pass percentage at the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) exams under the eight general education boards rose to 75.74, increasing by 4.61 percentage points from that of last year.
The number of GPA (Grade Point Average)-5 achievers stood at 57,789, compared to last year's 46,736.
Education Minister Nurul Islam Nahid attributed the results to better trained teachers, use of multimedia in classrooms and students' better knowledge of information technology.
“At least 10 lakh teachers have been trained since the creative method of questions was introduced. This year questions of all the subjects were prepared following the creative method,” he said at a press conference at the secretariat yesterday.
Previously, students failed mostly in Mathematics and English, but the government has been providing students with special classes for several years on these subjects in 85,000 schools, the minister noted.
Nahid, however, said the improvement should not be confined to higher pass rates only. “Our main challenge ahead is to ensure quality,” he pointed out.
He ruled out any link between question paper leak and this year's better results. “We postponed exams after such allegations. Also, we probed the matter and took immediate action.”
Government probes found that question papers of Mathematics part-II and English-II at this year's HSC exams under Dhaka Education Board were leaked. The English-II exam was postponed as the leak was detected ahead of the exam schedule.
In terms of the pass rate, Dhaka board stood first with 84.54 percent followed by Sylhet with 79.16 percent and Rajshahi with 78.55 percent.
The combined pass rate under 10 education boards, including madrasa and technical education boards, is 78.33 percent, which is 4.03 points higher than that of last year.
A total of 70,602 students under 10 boards secured GPA-5 this year, rising by 12,405 from last year's number. Only 20 students scored GPA-5 when the grading system was introduced in 2003.
Prof Syed Manzoorul Islam of English department at Dhaka University observed that most families made higher investments in education which contributed to this year's better results.
“We can see even rickshaw pullers sacrificing their hard-earned money for their children's education. Education has now become a social movement. Media too has played a significant role,” he mentioned.
A total of 11, 29,972 students under 10 education boards took the HSC and other equivalent exams that started on April 3 and ended on June 16. Of them, 8, 85,070 came out successful.
The number of students sitting the exams under eight general education boards was 9, 14,603 this year. Of them, 6, 92,690 passed.
The institutions that saw cent percent pass rate went up to 1,147 against last year's 849, while those having zero pass rate stood at 24, which was 25 last year.
Jessore board with only 60.58 percent had the lowest pass rate, which is strikingly low compared to other boards. The education minister said he would look into the matter and try to identify the reasons behind it.
SCIENCE STUDENTS LEAD
As usual, students from the science group fared the best with a pass rate of 82.93 percent, trailed closely by 81.24 percent in business studies group and 69.76 percent in humanities group.
Girls outshone boys in terms of pass rates in all boards. The pass percentage of female examinees is 78.86 against 77.86 percent of male examinees. Boys, however, fared better in achieving GPA-5. A total of 38,787 boys achieved the distinction against 31,815 girls.
Of the 211 Bangladeshi students who took the exams in six foreign centres, 153 passed making the pass rate 72.51. Only 19 of them earned GPA-5.
Just like the previous year, Rajuk Uttara Model College topped the list of 20 most successful institutions in Dhaka board. Abdul Kadir Mollah City College in Narsingdi became second and Adamjee Cantonment College in Dhaka third.
Rajshahi College secured the top position in Rajshahi board and Rangpur Cantonment Public School and College stood first in Dinajpur board.
Faujdarhat Cadet College in Chittagong board, Jalalabad Cantonment Public School and College in Sylhet board, Comilla Cadet College in Comilla board, Jhenaidah Cadet College in Jessore board and Barisal Cadet College in Barisal board topped the list of the most successful institutions.