- Berlin summit failed to deliver serious dialogue between warring parties in Libya
World leaders committed to ending all foreign meddling in Libya’s civil war at a Berlin summit on Sunday night, and to uphold a weapons embargo as part of a broader plan to end the long-running conflict.
The presidents of Russia, Turkey and France were among global chiefs signing up to the agreement to stop interfering in the war -- be it through weapons, troops or financing.
But the talks failed to deliver “serious dialogue” between the warring parties -- strongman Khalifa Haftar and the head of Tripoli’s UN-recognised government Fayez al-Sarraj -- or to get both sides to sign up to a permanent truce.
“Ensuring that a ceasefire is immediately respected is simply not easy to guarantee,” said summit host Chancellor Angela Merkel.
“But I hope that through today’s conference, we have a chance the truce will hold further.”
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo acknowledged that there are “still some questions on how well and effectively” the commitments can be monitored.
But he said he is “optimistic that there will be less violence and... an opportunity to begin the conversation that (UN special envoy) Ghassan Salame has been trying to get going between the Libyan parties”.
Libya has been torn by fighting between rival armed factions since a 2011 Nato-backed uprising killed dictator Moamer Gaddafi.
Most recently, Sarraj’s troops in Tripoli have been under attack since April from Haftar’s forces.