Root of the Rohingya crisis ‘lies in Myanmar’: PM
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday urged the global community to pursue available legal and multilateral mechanisms to ensure "accountability of the perpetrators who committed persistent … and systematic heinous atrocities" against Rohingyas.
Speaking at the 78th United Nations General Assembly High-Level Side Event titled "Have they forgotten us?", she also called for keeping humanitarian assistance for Rohingyas and their repatriation on top of the agenda for a solution to the crisis created by Myanmar.
"Continue our humanitarian efforts to ensure the sustenance of these ill-fated and hapless human beings," said the Bangladesh leader.
She also urged to redouble concerted efforts to ensure lasting solutions to the problem with voluntary repatriation being the most viable one.
Bangladesh, with the co-sponsorship of Canada, Gambia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America organised the event.
The PM said the Rohingya issue has now reached a point of stagnation. Not a single displaced Rohingya has been able to return to their homes in Myanmar in the last six years.
"Their prolonged presence in Bangladesh is not only pushing them further into hopelessness; it is also making the situation in Cox's Bazaar precarious. The host community has become a victim of their own generosity," she said.
Global attention to their needs is rapidly diminishing, she said, adding that it was evident in the increasing funding gaps in the humanitarian response plan.
Hasina said all are aware that the entire world is going through turmoil. The number of people displaced by conflict, climate change, and other factors has reached a record high. The international community is overwhelmed by the scale and dimensions of multiple crises that we all, as humans, are faced with.
"However, we cannot forget the Rohingyas. The 2017 exodus was not an isolated incident. They have been victims of persecution and exclusion in Myanmar for decades," she told the meeting.
She mentioned that all have a responsibility to redress their victimisation in a comprehensive manner. Humanitarian assistance is important for their sustenance, but it is not enough.
"We need to ensure that they are able to return to their homes in Myanmar and pursue a life of dignity and certainty," she stated.
And for that, she said, "We need to address the problem at its root, which lies in Myanmar.
"They need protection and opportunities in their own country so that they do not have to flee from their homes."
Hasina said Bangladesh hosting over a million displaced Rohingya for a long period has never been an option.
"Bangladesh is a small country with a high density of population. As one of the worst victims of global warming and sea level rise, we are already overburdened by the increasing number of climate-induced internally displaced persons," she said.
Aside from that, she mentioned that the prolonged presence of the Rohingyas has entailed grave social, economic, and security repercussions for Bangladeshis.
"The biodiversity of Cox's Bazar is seriously damaged by the destruction of 6,800 acres of reserved forest, which is now known as the largest refugee camp in the world," she reminded the audience.
Against this backdrop, she said, "we have to focus on the early implementation of the bilateral arrangement of return that we signed with Myanmar" in November 2017.
Hasina said Bangladesh was working with Myanmar to commence repatriation of the verified Rohingyas in small batches.
In order to ensure that the process is transparent and voluntary, she mentioned that a series of interactions have been facilitated between the Rohingyas and the Myanmar authorities.
"The experience of the first batch of returnees would be crucial in guiding us in the future and addressing the gaps in the process," she said.
The PM said the pilot repatriation project, if implemented successfully, will keep hopes alive.
"I hope the international community will come forward to help the Rohingya returnees reintegrate in Rakhine. The presence of humanitarian and development entities in Rakhine will act as an important confidence-building measure," she said.
The prime minister said the regional countries, especially the Asean members, with their close and historic relationship with Myanmar, can take the lead role.
Based on the comprehensive needs assessment of the Asean Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance, small community-based projects may be undertaken involving the returnee Rohingyas, she added.
In the meantime, she said, continued international attention is needed to effectively address the root causes of the Rohingya crisis. "Implementation of the Security Council and General Assembly Resolutions on Myanmar is critical in this regard."
Equally important is maintaining focus on the justice and accountability processes. Unless and until the perpetrators of atrocities are held accountable, the risks of further persecution will remain, she said.
"Besides, the Rohingya victims and survivors will not be able to truly reconcile with their past and constructively pursue their future in Myanmar if they do not get justice," she said.
Hasina said Bangladesh is fully committed to the accountability processes, and it is closely working with the ICJ, IIMM, and ICC.
"I urge all other member states to cooperate with the international justice mechanisms working in this regard."