This Day In History
World War I: Battle of Stalluponen The German army of General Hermann von François defeats the Russian force commanded by Pavel Rennenkampf near modern-day Nesterov, Russia.
World War II: The U.S. Seventh Army under General George S. Patton arrives in Messina, Italy, followed several hours later by the British 8th Army under Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery, thus completing the Allied conquest of Sicily.
World War II: First Québec Conference of Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and William Lyon Mackenzie King begins.
Indonesian Declaration of Independence.
The Radcliffe Line, the border between Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan is revealed.
Michael Phelps becomes the first person to win eight gold medals in one Olympic Games.