For the United Nations, the pursuit of social justice for all is at the core of the global mission to promote development and human dignity. The adoption by the International Labour Organisation of the Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalisation is just one example of the UN System's commitment to social justice. The Declaration focuses on guaranteeing fair outcomes for all, through employment, social protection, social dialogue, and fundamental principles and rights at work.
The International Labour Organisation unanimously adopted the ILO Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalisation on 10 June 2008. This is the third major statement of principles and policies adopted by the International Labour Conference since the ILO's Constitution of 1919. It builds on the Philadelphia Declaration of 1944 and the Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work of 1998. The 2008 Declaration expresses the contemporary vision of the ILO's mandate in the era of globalisation.
This landmark Declaration is a powerful reaffirmation of ILO values. It is the outcome of tripartite consultations that started in the wake of the Report of the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalisation. By adopting this text, the representatives of governments, employers' and workers' organisations from 182 member states emphasise the key role of our tripartite organisation in helping to achieve progress and social justice in the context of globalisation. Together, they commit to enhance the ILO's capacity to advance these goals, through the Decent Work Agenda. The Declaration institutionalises the Decent Work concept developed by the ILO since 1999, placing it at the core of the Organisation's policies to reach its constitutional objectives.
The Declaration comes at a crucial political moment, reflecting the wide consensus on the need for a strong social dimension to globalisation in achieving improved and fair outcomes for all. It constitutes a compass for the promotion of a fair globalisation based on decent work, as well as a practical tool to accelerate progress in the implementation of the Decent Work Agenda at the country level. It also reflects a productive outlook by highlighting the importance of sustainable enterprises in creating greater employment and income opportunities for all.
On 26 November 2007, the General Assembly declared that, starting from the sixty-third session of the General Assembly, 20 February will be celebrated annually as the World Day of Social Justice. The 2020 theme for this day is "Closing the Inequalities Gap to Achieve Social Justice".
Compiled by Law Desk (SOURCE: UN.ORG).