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Victory: Pakistan army surrenders to allied forces

Pakistan Army Eastern Commander Lt. General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi surrendered unconditionally on behalf of his 93,000 Pakistan troops at a public ceremony at Dhaka Ramna Race Course (now Suhrawardy Uddyan) to the Bangladesh and Indian joint command on December 16, 1971 after nine-month-long bloody war. It was decided that General Jagjit Singh Aurora, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the Eastern Command of the Indian Army, would sign the document on behalf of the victorious side while General Niazi for the defeated side. In one of the fastest surrender in military history, Niazi put his sign on the surrender document at 5:01pm (Bangladesh time) and officially acknowledges Bangladesh as a free, independent and sovereign state.

The video has been made with a news report of News At 10 shared on YouTube by the channel of WarPilgrim (URL: and part of a documentary shared by the channel Imran Chauhdry (URL:

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Freedom in the air is a non-profit project aimed at building a rich repository for all sorts of contents on Bangladesh's Liberation War of 1971. Besides producing exclusive video interviews of war heroes and experts and a turn-by-turn daily interactive calendar of 1971, The Daily Star Online gathered very rare declassified diplomatic cables, the sensational Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report that proved genocide by Pakistan army, significant collection of rarely seen photographs and international newspaper reports. There is an exceptional collection of TV reports, video footages and documentaries which The Daily Star does not own but using with courtesy of the original owners and those who uploaded.