Chief of banned militant group Ansarullah Bangla Team Mufti Jasimuddin Rahmani and nine others were indicted in a case filed under anti-terrorism act.
Judge Kamrul Hossain Mollah of Metropolitan Session Judges Court in Dhaka framed the charges against them after scrutinising the case documents.
The court fixed January 16 to start the trial in the case.
The case was filed with Mohammadpur Police Station in 2013, after they were arrested from Katashur area, for planning to gain control of a part of the country and conduct armed jihad (struggle).
The nine other accused are: Kazi Mohammad Rezwan, 30, Naimul Hasan, 28, Ali Azad, 28, Jahidul Islam, 27, Junnun Shikder, 27, Amirul Islam, 25, Abu Hanif, 23, Saiful Islam, 21, and Al Asadullah alias Abdullah alias Md Piyas, 19.
Rahmani, Abu Hanif and Piyas are in jail while Azad is on bail and the rest are absconding.
Rahmani, the organisation's spiritual leader, was arrested from Barguna the same year and was shown arrested in a case filed over the killing of blogger Ahmed Rajib Haider in February 2013.
On December 31 last year, Rahmani, 45, was found guilty of provoking Rajib's murder through his sermons and was sentenced to five years' imprisonment.
Detectives in the anti terror case pressed charges against Rahmani and nine others in 2014.