After the conclusion of the First World War, Kazi Nazrul Islam settled in Kolkata and began writing for the “Bengali Muslim Literary Journal”.
In 1920 he published his first novel “Bandhan-hara” as well as some of his poems like “Bodhan”, “Kheya-parer Tarani” and “Badal Prater Sharab.”
In 1922, Nazrul earned the moniker 'Rebel Poet' following the publication of “Bidrohi”. The language and imagery of the poem coincided with the non-cooperation movement, making Nazrul a household name among the rebellious youths of Bengal.
As a mark of respect, Rabindranath Tagore dedicated to him his musical play Basanta in 1923. Later, Nazrul expressed his appreciation by composing poem “Aj Srsti Sukher Ullase”.