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Maritime Boundary Dispute

Bangladesh falls behind Myanmar in offshore gas exploration

Bangladesh falls behind Myanmar in offshore gas exploration

THE settlement of maritime boundary dispute between Myanmar and Bangladesh by the international court in 2012 was a landmark event for both the countries that were engaged in disputes on oil gas exploration issues near their mutual maritime boundaries. Since the settlement, Myanmar has moved forward with active programmes by engaging competent oil...


Treasures of the Bay

BANGLADESH has now gained sovereign right to fish, mine and explore any resource within 19,000 sq km of the Bay by virtue of the verdict given by the UN Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in The Hague. In absence of the legal rights demarcating territorial boundary for the nations around the sea, there was hardly any law or principle to exploit resources like fish and marine life. According to Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), around 60% of the world's various...


Harmonising ourselves with the sea

STOIC philosopher Marcus Aurelius, who was also the co-emperor of Rome, said that a man's worth is no greater than his ambition. The Stoics believed that people shouldn't over-exaggerate moments of joy in an attempt to make them seem better than they really are or try to make them last longer than they should. Bangladesh's recent victory over the maritime boundary dispute with India puts us in that critical state of mind. How happy should we be and how...

Marine resources in our maritime boundary

THE sea is a mystery to most people of Bangladesh. The waves, fish and ships are the ornaments of the sea. People love being at the sea beach and enjoy bathing in the sea and hearing the sound of the mighty waves. Bangladesh has won legal battles over the Bay of Bengal but how far do we comprehend the victory? How much do the common people know about it to cheer the achievements?   On July 7, the International Arbitration...


Development of maritime law & UNCLOS

THE progressive development of international law through the restatement of existing rules or through the formulation of new rules by the Tribunals and Courts has been a continuous process within the comity of nations. The interpretation and application of maritime law of delimitation have been expounded by the International Court of Justice and Tribunals, although the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) provides a general guidelines of delimitation under Articles 15 (territorial sea) 74, (delimitation of EEZ)...

Maritime boundary settlement: For whom?

Maritime boundary settlement: For whom?

After the verdict delivered by the UN's Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) based in The Hague, Netherlands, a 40-year-old dispute on India and Bangladesh's maritime boundaries in the Bay of Bengal came to an end. The court settled the issue by demarcating the sea area according to international maritime law, submission and arguments...

Settled maritime boundaries and gas exploration

BANGLADESH had disputed maritime boundaries with Myanmar in the east and India in the west ever since its independence. Two landmark verdicts given by two international courts have put an end to these long-drawn disputes between the three neighbouring nations. On March 14, 2012, the Germany-based International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) settled the dispute between Bangladesh and Myanmar by refixing the maritime boundary between these two nations. On July 7, 2014, another international court, the...

Reviewing the views

See the Sea

See the Sea

THE settlement of longstanding maritime boundary dispute between India and Bangladesh ushers a new horizon in the bilateral relationship between the two countries. Both the countries have hailed the findings of the Arbitral Tribunal and indicated their willingness to comply with the outcome. The Hague based Tribunal constituted under Annex VII of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III) on 7 July 2014 awards 4/5th of the disputed sea zones in favour of Bangladesh(19,467 sq/km). The decision saves Bangladesh from being a sea locked country by Myanmar and India from both the sides. The award, not to mention, bears huge implications in many dimensions....


Almost another Bangladesh, second liberation

BANGLADESH now has 1,18,813 sq km of territorial sea and the size of the country is 1,47,570 sq km. Our rights have been established over 200 nautical mile exclusive economic zone and a substantial share of the extended continental shelf vis-a-vis Myanmar and India . Thus, we have maritime zone almost the size of the country itself. Now legal battles with India and Myanmar ensue over our claim to the continental shelf up to 400-460 nautical miles from the coast....

Bangladesh-India Maritime Boundary Agreement:

A new horizon of cooperation

A new horizon of cooperation

THE judgment on the maritime boundary dispute between Bangladesh and India and its acceptance by both parties has ushered in a win-win situation for all. The maritime boundary between the two countries was not delimited since partition in 1947. The Radcliff Award that partitioned Bengal left the boundary between the two states at...

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