• Saturday, November 29, 2014

Underwater Signals

Hunt for black box intensifies

Afp, Perth

Ships searching the vast Indian Ocean for a Malaysian airliner have detected three separate underwater signals yesterday, and more ships and planes were diverted to investigate whether they could have come from its "black box".
Angus Houston, head of the Australian search mission, said the detections were being taken "very seriously" as time ticked down on the battery life of the black box's tracking beacons.
He said China's Haixun 01 has twice detected an underwater signal on a frequency used for the plane's flight data and cockpit voice recorders -- once for 90 seconds on Saturday and another more fleeting "ping" on Friday a short distance away.
A third "ping" was also being scrutinised, 300 nautical miles away in the Indian Ocean.
The Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777 with 239 people aboard vanished on March 8 during a flight from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing.
"This is an important and encouraging lead but one which I urge you to continue to treat carefully," Houston told reporters.
"We are working in a very big ocean and within a very large search area."
"Speculation and unconfirmed reports can see the loved ones of the passengers put through terrible stress and I don't want to put them under any further emotional distress at this very difficult time."
Britain's HMS Echo and the Australian ship Ocean Shield -- both equipped with black box locators -- and Australian air force planes were being diverted to the area to help discount or confirm the Chinese signals, Houston said.
Ocean Shield was also detected the signal it in its current location, about 300 nautical miles north of Haixun 01, in waters far off Australia's west coast.
Houston said the Chinese finding was more promising.
"I think the fact that we've had two detections, two acoustic events in that location, provides some promise which requires a full investigation," he said.
The hunt for the jet was refocused on the southern end of the search zone yesterday after corrected satellite data showed it was more likely the plane entered the water there.
Houston said the Haixun 01 was already operating in that more southerly zone.
Some analysts greeted the acoustic detections with optimism,  saying a 37.5kHz signal can only be transmitted by an emergency beacon. But others were sceptical and said it was vital to find supporting evidence.
Houston said Haixun 01 was in waters about 4.5 kilometres (nearly three miles) deep, meaning "any recovery operation is going to be incredibly challenging and very demanding and will take a long period of time" if the plane is found there.
Houston said time was critical.
"This is Day 30 of the search and the advertised time for the life of the batteries in the beacon is 30 days. Sometimes they last for several days beyond that -- say eight to 10 days beyond that -- but we're running out of time in terms of the battery life of the emergency locator beacons."
Up to 10 military planes, two civil aircraft and 13 ships were scouring the remote waters on Sunday, concentrating on about 216,000 square kilometres of the Indian Ocean around 2,000 kilometres northwest of Perth.
In Kuala Lumpur more than 2,000 people including relatives held an emotional mass prayer yesterday for the safety of the passengers.
Orange-robed Buddhist monks chanted mantras for almost two hours, before about two dozen tearful relatives left the event.
Some family members still cling to hope in the absence of wreckage from the plane, and are desperate for leads.
Malaysian authorities believe satellite readings indicate MH370 crashed in the Indian Ocean after veering dramatically off course for reasons that remain unknown.
A criminal probe has focused on the possibility of a hijacking, sabotage or psychological problems among passengers or crew, but there is no evidence yet to support any of the theories.

 

Published: 12:01 am Monday, April 07, 2014

Last modified: 9:40 pm Monday, April 07, 2014

TAGS: Kuala Lumpur Indian Ocean Malaysian airliner separate underwater signals Australian search mission Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777

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